Last edited by Sakazahn
Wednesday, July 8, 2020 | History

4 edition of copper and bronze ages in South America found in the catalog.

copper and bronze ages in South America

by Erland Nordenskiöld

  • 199 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published in [Göteborg] .
Written in

    Subjects:
  • Copper age,
  • Bronze age -- South America,
  • South America -- Antiquities

  • Edition Notes

    Statementwith two appendixes by Axel Hultgren.
    SeriesComparative ethnographical studies -- 4
    ContributionsHultgren, Axel
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsF2229 N833
    The Physical Object
    Pagination196p.
    Number of Pages196
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14001980M

    In the Chalcolithic period, copper predominated in metalworking technology. Hence it was the period before it was discovered that adding tin to copper formed bronze (a harder and stronger metal). The archaeological site of Belovode, on Rudnik mountain in Serbia, has the oldest securely-dated evidence of copper smelting, from BP (c. BC).   Bronze Age Tools. Ancient Sumer may have been the first civilization to start adding tin to copper to make bronze. Bronze was harder and more durable than copper, which made bronze a better metal.

    It is believed that this technology was introduced through trade with South America, which has a history of metallurgy dating back to BC.5 Metal from these Mexican copper deposits has been found in sites as far away as Belize, but the source for some Mesoamerican bronze artifacts has yet to be identified. Researcher Daniel Wood, in another Ancient American article, “Bronze Age Michigan”, describes a 20’x50’ Torch Lake (Keweenaw) pit found to contain 20 tons of carbonate of copper, dated c BC. Other pits were discovered as far east as .

    Europe’s economy between and BC stood and fell with copper, used for the creation of bronze. At the same time, large quantities of copper were mined in America, though no-one seems to know who was using it. A question of a world economy, and supply and demand? by Philip Coppens The Bronze Age is a period in Western European history typified by the usage of bronze. The Bronze Age. After the Copper (Chalcolithic) Age came the Bronze Age, followed later by the Iron Age. There was no 'Brass Age' because, for many years, it was not easy to make brass. Before the 18th century, zinc metal could not be made since it melts at ºC and boils at about ºC, below the temperature needed to reduce zinc oxide with charcoal.


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Copper and bronze ages in South America by Erland Nordenskiöld Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Copper and Bronze Ages in South America (Classic Reprint) Paperback – Ap by Erland Nordenskiöld (Author)Cited by: The Copper and Bronze Ages in South America Paperback – by NORDENSKIOLD (Erland) (Author)Author: NORDENSKIOLD (Erland).

The Copper And Bronze Ages In South America [FACSIMILE] [George Ernest Fuhrken] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. HIGH QUALITY FACSIMILE REPRODUCTION: Fuhrken, George Ernest: The Copper And Bronze Ages In South America: Facsimile: Originally published by G�teborg: Elanders Boktryckeri Aktiebolag in The Copper and Bronze Ages in South America Hardcover – Aug by Axel Hultgren (Author), Erland Nordenskiöld (Author)Author: Axel Hultgren, Erland Nordenskiöld.

High Quality FACSIMILE REPRODUCTION::Crabb, George, The Copper And Bronze Ages In South America [FACSIMILE]:Facsimilie: Originally published by New York: Harper in Book will be printed in black and white, with grayscale images. Book will be 6 inches wide by 9 inches tall and soft cover : Crabb, George.

Open Library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published. The copper and bronze ages in South America by Erland Nordenskiöld; 3 editions; First published in ; Subjects: Antiquities, Copper age, Indian metal-work, Bronze age, Indians of South America, Accessible book; Places: South America.

Internet Archive BookReader The copper and bronze ages in South America. Copper age, Bronze age -- South America, South America -- Antiquities Publisher [Göteborg] Collection robarts; toronto Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor Robarts - University of Toronto Language EnglishPages:   Indian metal-work -- South America, Indians of South America -- Antiquities, Copper age -- South America, Bronze age -- South America, South America -- Antiquities Publisher Göteborg: Elanders Boktryckeri Aktiebolag Collection cdl; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor University of California Libraries Language EnglishPages:   THERE has long been felt the want of a general summary of information relative to the employment of copper and bronze in South America, and Dr.

Erland Nordenskiöld's volume will be welcomed as Author: Henry Balfour. The Shipping of Michigan Copper across the Atlantic in the Bronze Age (Isle Royale and Keweenaw Peninsula, c.

BC BC) Summary. Recent scientific literature has come to the conclusion that the major source of the copper that swept through the European Bronze Age after BC is unknown. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Nordenskiöld, Erland, Copper and bronze ages in South America.

New York: AMS Press, []. Audio Books & Poetry Community Audio Computers, Technology and Science Music, Arts & Culture News & Public Affairs Non-English Audio Spirituality & Religion. Librivox Free Audiobook. Full text of "The copper and bronze ages in South America" See other formats.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Nordenskiöld, Erland, Copper and bronze ages in South America. Göteborg: Elanders Boktryckeri Aktiebolag, Halesowen Chronicle Newspaper test Books by Language Mk News Newspaper Kidderminster Chronicle Newspaper Harlow Star Newspaper Additional Collections.

Featured movies All video latest This Just In Prelinger Archives Democracy Now. Occupy Wall Street TV NSA Clip Library. TV News. Top. Copper in the Pre-Columbian Civilizations of America. Archaeological excavations carried out in recent years show that although the Pre-Columbian cultures of Mexico, Central America and Peru were primarily 'stone-age', the various peoples - the Aztecs, Toltecs, Zapotecs, the Mayas and the Incas - possessed a fairly advanced knowledge of metalworking.

This conveniently coincides with the end of the Bronze Age in Europe. The copper located in the Lake Superior area is some of the purest copper in the world, yet less than 1% has been discovered in America.

It is clear that someone was mining copper here in America and then shipped it across the ocean for use abroad. Who they were remains a. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Comparative Ethnographical Studies: The Copper and Bronze Ages in South America Vol.

4 by Erland Nordenskiold (, Hardcover, Reprint) at the best online prices at eBay. Free shipping for many products. Tin had to be mined, and once melted and combined with copper, the resulting alloy was bronze - much more valuable and durable.

The earliest known use of tin alloy to create bronze dates to the 5th millennium BC, once more in today’s Serbia, and connected with one of the world’s earliest civilizations - the Vinča : Aleksa Vučković.

South America, it turns out, is one of the places where natural arsenic bronze alloys are found. – T.E.D. ♦ Jul 5 '12 at The Tin mining page vaguely says "in the Americas tin exploitation began around AD", but without sources.

Aug 3, - Indigenous American in full color - copper colored people.Metallurgy in pre-Columbian America is the extraction, purification and alloying of metals and metal crafting by Indigenous peoples of the Americas prior to European contact in the late 15th century.

Indigenous Americans have been using native metals from ancient times, with recent finds of gold artifacts in the Andean region dated to – BCE, and North American copper .Introduction As of January there have been few implements found in the Americas that date from the Bronze Age (Please see Discussion).

Nevertheless, there is considerable evidence of a voyage or voyages of a Bronze Age Scandinavian king, Woden-lithi, to North America around B.C. from texts found inscribed in the rocks at Peterborough, Ontario, Canada (Figs. 18 .